tugas bhs inggris kelas 11

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1.    Definition of Analytical Exposition
Analytical Exposition is a text that elaborates the writer‘s idea about the phenomenon surrounding. Its social function is to persuade the reader that the idea is important matter, and to analyze the topic that the thesis/opinion is correct by developing an argument to support it. (Analytical Exposition adalah teks yang menguraikan ide penulis tentang fenomena disekitar. Fungsi sosialnya adalah untuk membujuk pembaca bahwa ide itu adalah hal yang penting, dan untuk menganalisis topik yang tesis / pendapat itu benar dengan mengembangkan argumen untuk mendukungnya.)
·      Thesis: Introducing the topic and indicating the writer’s point of view. (Memperkenalkan topik dan menunjukkan sudut pandang penulis)
·      Argument : Explaining the argument to support the writer’s position. The number of arguments may vary, but each argument must be supported by evidence and explanation. (Menjelaskan argumen untuk mendukung posisi penulis. Jumlah argumen mungkin berbeda, tetapi setiap argumen harus didukung oleh bukti-bukti dan penjelasan.
·      Reiteration/Conclusion: Restating the writer’s point of view / to strengthen the thesis. We can use the following phrase to make conclusion in reiteration : (Menyatakan kembali sudut pandang penulis / untuk memperkuat tesis. Kita dapat menggunakan frase berikut untuk membuat kesimpulan dalam Reiteration :
From the fact above …
I personally believe …
Therefore, my conclusion is …
In conclusion …

3.    The Characteristics/ Language Features of Analytical Exposition
Using relational process
Using internal conjunction
Using casual conjunction
Using simple present tense
Using compound and complex sentence
Use word that link argument, such as firstly, secondly, and reasoning through casual conjunction, such as in addition, furthermore, however, therefore

4.    Example of Analytical Exposition

Controlling Children Using Computer
Computer and internet are useful as well as powerful. Information about health and safe usage of computer and Internet, especially for children, should be owned by each family. Computer connected to internet is powerful way to socialize with others. It can be good but also bad effect. Recently we hear a lot of children get the advantage of social networking sites but we often see the news about the disadvantage of it for children. Healthy and safety of computer and Internet usage should continue to be campaigned.
The role of parent in assisting and directing children in using computer is very necessary. Installation of software monitor such as key logger which has function to watch and note all activities relating to keyboard usage is helpful but not enough to protect children from potential harms. Children tend to hide what they have done in front of the computer to their parent. They see that all of they have done are their privacy and no one may know.
We can’t prevent children from using computer because it is multifunctional. However, many parents worry about what their kids do in front of the computer; whether they are doing homework or even just playing games. Or spending all time to surf internet which is the materials do not fit with his age. There is a tendency, especially teenagers, want to become acquainted with many strangers outside. The lack parental supervision of children’s activities is likely to pose a potential danger to them. So parental monitor against the use of computers needs to be done from time to time.

1.    Definition of Hortatory Exposition
Hortatory Exposition is a type of spoken or written text that is intended to explain the listener or reader that something should or should not happen, atau dengan kata lain hortatory teks merupakan bentuk teks yang berfungsi untuk ,enjelaskan akan suatu hal dan berfungsi untuk mempengaruhi pembaca atau pendengar nya. 
Purpose of Hortatory Exposition
Hortatory exposition is used to persuade the reader or listener that something should pr should not be the case.
2.    Generic Structure of Hortatory Exposition
·         Thesis : Thesis is the announcement of issue concern. (thesis berisis akan suatu pernyataan akan permasalahan yang terjadi, biasanya ditandai dengan kalimat in my opinion, according to me, for me, dan lainnya)
·         Arguments : Argument is reason for concern, leading to recommendation. (argument disini sama dengan alas an yang digunakan untuk mendukung pernyataan yang telah diucapkan. Argument biasanya diawali dengan kalimat firstly, secondly, because of that dan lainnya)
·         Recommendation : Recommendation is statement of what ought or ought to happen. (berisi akan saran yang diberikan penulis ataupun penutur akan kalimat yang telah diutarakan, biasanya ditandai dengan kata should, shoudly dan lainnya)
3.    The Characteristics/ Language Features of Hortatory Exposition
Focusing on the writer
Using abstract noun; policy, advantage, etc
Using action verb
Using thinking verb
Using modal adverb; certainly, surely, etc
Using temporal connective; firstly, secondly, etc
Using evaluative words; important, valuable, trustworthy, etc
Using passive voice
Using simple present tense
4.    Example of Hortatory Exposition
Never Try Smoking
A lot of people, especially teenagers, who do not smoke, always want to try smoking. They know it is bad for them and all, but it is just something they want to try. So they ask one of their smoker friends for a cigarette. Admittedly, they firstly can not light it on their own so they ask his friend to do it. Then they inhale that cigarette and smoke occasionally.
Apparently that makes them the born smokers. Now they do smoke fairly regularly. They can not avoid smoking and they enjoy too. They have smoker friends. Everyday they bring a pack in their pocket. For them, a pack of cigarette is as important as a wallet for their money.
Suddenly, for certain reason, they realize the fact that tobacco is the cause of a long list of nasty diseases. It is not only heart disease, stroke, and chronic lung disease but also bladder, lung, and pancreatic cancer. Even it was reported that around 400,000 Americans died each year. It was one every 80 seconds from tobacco-related illnesses.
Then they decide it is stupid to harm selves. They want to quit smoking. Unfortunately, they find that quitting smoking is so difficult. “Why can’t I stop smoking? I really want to stop it”. It is hard to quit because nicotine is powerfully addictive. Cigarette is one of the most efficient drug-delivery devices ever devised. As result, when people try to quit smoking, they often experience classic nicotine withdrawal symptoms such as anxiety, irritability, headache, depression, and restlessness.
Well, still want to try smoke? Think the facts before trying! If you are not smoker, you should never and never try to smoke.
Perbedaan antara Analytical dan Hortatory Exposition

Analytical    : paragraph terakhirnya berupa Conclusion atau kesimpulan
Hortatory    : paragraph terakhirnya berupa Recommendation atau saran

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